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PPE

 

PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) used in Healthcare Settings.


Gloves, protect the hands, gowns or aprons protect the skin and/or clothing, masks and respirators protect the mouth and nose, goggles protect the eyes, and face shields protect the entire face. 

Description


What is personal protective equipment?

Personal protective equipment, commonly referred to as "PPE", is equipment worn to minimize exposure to hazards that cause serious workplace injuries and illnesses. These injuries and illnesses may result from contact with chemical, radiological, physical, electrical, mechanical, or other workplace hazards. Personal protective equipment may include items such as gloves, safety glasses and shoes, earplugs or muffs, hard hats, respirators, or coveralls, vests and full body suits.


What can be done to ensure proper use of personal protective equipment?

All personal protective equipment should be safely designed and constructed, and should be maintained in a clean and reliable fashion. It should fit comfortably, encouraging worker use. If the personal protective equipment does not fit properly, it can make the difference between being safely covered or dangerously exposed. When engineering, work practice, and administrative controls are not feasible or do not provide sufficient protection, employers must provide personal protective equipment to their workers and ensure its proper use. Employers are also required to train each worker required to use personal protective equipment to know:

  • When it is necessary
  • What kind is necessary
  • How to properly put it on, adjust, wear and take it off
  • The limitations of the equipment
  • Proper care, maintenance, useful life, and disposal of the equipment


If PPE is to be used, a PPE program should be implemented. This program should address the hazards present; the selection, maintenance, and use of PPE; the training of employees; and monitoring of the program to ensure its ongoing effectiveness.

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F.D.A. to Allow Use of KN95 Masks Approved by China

Additional Information

Hospitals across the United States are running out of N95 masks, which filter at least 95 percent of particles that are 0.3 microns or larger, including the new coronavirus. N95 masks are tested and certified by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, or NIOSH, a research agency that is part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


On Friday, April 3, 2020, the F.D.A. issued an emergency use authorization for KN95 masks. Regulated by the Chinese government, they are almost identical in performance to N95 masks. There are slight differences in their specifications, like a variation in the maximum pressure the masks must be able to withstand as a person inhales and exhales.


The C.D.C. lists KN95 masks as a suitable alternative when N95s are not available.


International Standard Comparisons

Product Certification

International Comparison

Description 

Filtering facepiece respirators (FFR), which are sometimes called disposable respirators, are subject to various regulatory standards around the world. These standards specify certain required physical properties and performance characteristics in order for respirators to claim compliance with the particular standard. During pandemic or emergency situations, health authorities often reference these standards when making respirator recommendations, stating, for example, that certain populations should use an “N95, FFP2, or equivalent” respirator. 


This document is only intended to help clarify some key similarities between such references, specifically to the following FFR performance standards:

 • N95 (United States NIOSH-42CFR84)

 • FFP2 (Europe EN 149-2001) 

• KN95 (China GB2626-2006) 

• P2 (Australia/New Zealand AS/NZA 1716:2012)

 • Korea 1st class (Korea KMOEL - 2017-64)

 • DS (Japan JMHLW-Notification 214, 2018) 


As shown in the following summary table, respirators certified as meeting these standards can be expected to function very similarly to one another, based on the performance requirements stated in the standards and confirmed during conformity testing. One notable comparison point is the flow rates specified by these standards for the inhalation and exhalation resistance tests. Inhalation resistance testing flow rates range from 40 to 160L/min. Exhalation resistance testing flow rates range from 30 to 95 L/min. Some countries require testing to be performed at multiple flow rates, others at only the high or low end of those ranges. Although this appears to suggest that the standards’ requirements for breathing resistance (also called “pressure drop”) differ from each other, it’s important to understand that pressure drop across any filter will naturally be higher at higher flow rates and lower at lower flow rates. Given typical pressure curves for respirator filters, the standards’ various pressure drop requirements are actually quite similar. 


Approved standard comparisons

Based on this comparison, it is reasonable to consider China KN95, AS/NZ P2, Korea 1st Class, and Japan DS FFRs as “equivalent” to US NIOSH N95 and European FFP2 respirators, for filtering non-oil-based particles such as those resulting from wildfires, PM 2.5 air pollution, volcanic eruptions, or bioaerosols (e.g. viruses). However, prior to selecting a respirator, users should consult their local respiratory protection regulations and requirements or check with their local public health authorities for selection guidance

Chart

The following chart provided as a recap from 3M Companies, clearly indicates the validity of the mak

Products

Disposable Medical Mask

Disposable Medical Mask

Disposable Medical Mask

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  •Disposable Mask 3ply (Non-Sterile) 

Standard Compliance

•European NB Lab certificated

•CE COC certificate

- FDA Registered

 •EN149:2001+A1:2009 

•Related to CE Directive(s) R2016/425 PPE 

•Chinese standard – GB2626-2006

 •FFP1  

MOQ 500,000

KN95 Folding Mask

Disposable Medical Mask

Disposable Medical Mask

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  •KN95 Mask (Non-Sterile)  Standard Compliance

•European NB Lab certificated 

•CE COC certificate 

-FDA Registered

•EN149:2001+A1:2009 

•Related to CE Directive(s) R2016/425 PPE 

•Equal to EN14683 Type II

 •Chinese standard – GB19083-2010  

•MOQ 500,000 pieces 

Natural Latex Gloves

Sterile Latex Surgical Gloves

Sterile Latex Surgical Gloves

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•Extra strength provides additional protection

•Fully anatomical design to reduce hand fatigue

•Softness provides superior comfort and natural fit

•Micro-roughened surface provides excellent grip in wet and dry conditions

•High strength and elasticity

•MOQ – 500,000

•50 Pieces per box

Sterile Latex Surgical Gloves

Sterile Latex Surgical Gloves

Sterile Latex Surgical Gloves

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•Extra strength provides additional protection

•Fully anatomical design to reduce hand fatigue

•Tear free cuff

•Powder and powder free

•High strength and elasticity

•MOQ – 500,000

•50 Pairs per box